CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Use of biochar and Moringa oleifera in greywater treatment to remove heavy metals and contaminants of emerging concern

Export citation

This study investigated the combination of biochar derived from carbonized local feedstock and Moringa oleifera seed extract-based flocculant, a novel combination in the context of greywater treatment missed in the previous studies, with a focus on the removal of organic contaminants (caffeine, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim, carbamazepine, diclofenac, and bisphenol A) and heavy metals (Cr(VI), As(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II)). The research focused on the optimization of dosage, application procedure, and relevance to greywater (presence of humic acids, clay, and surfactants).

Altmetric score:
Dimensions Citation Count:

    Publication year



    Kozyatnyk, I.; Njenga, M.




    biochar, water pollution, contamination, adsorption, flocculation, developing countries



Related publications