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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Context analysis on status of water, trees and wood fuel systems in Kibwezi East and Mbooni East sub-counties, Makueni County

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Over 80% of the landmass in Kenya is Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs)[1] covering 29 counties and home to about 36% of the population, 70% of the national livestock, and 90% of wildlife . ASALs are the main sources of wood charcoal which is a key livelihood strategy and over 80% of the producers source wood from trees on farm. Makueni is among the top three charcoal producer counties[2]. The annual rainfall in arid areas ranges between 150 mm and 550 mm, and semi-arid between 550 mm and 850 mm per year, while temperatures are high throughout the year, with high rates of evapotranspiration. Climate change, increasing frequency and severity of droughts, flooding and low investment in sustainable and resilient agriculture have exacerbated these challenges.

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