{{menu_nowledge_desc}}.

CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Perspectives on Landscape Approaches in Indonesian Policies

Export citation

Indonesian national development planning is laid out in five-year planning documents. These documents form the points of reference for implementation. The current plan (2020 – 2024) stipulates environmentally friendly economic development with the intention of integrating conservation and economic development; two aims frequently deemed contradictory (O’Connor et al. 2020). Sustainable development aims to ensure synergy and optimize the achievement of often conflicting economic, social, and environmental objectives. The landscape approach focuses on means and processes for managing the complexities and dynamics of related biophysical, social and policy elements in overcoming trade-offs in the utilization of natural resources and achieving environmentally friendly development. Its overall aim is sustainable landscape management.
Download:

Related publications