CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Lessons on social inclusion for transformative forest-based bioeconomy solutions

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Key messages

  • The transformational potential of bioeconomy solutions to advance environmental sustainability rests on whether they can deploy strategies for social sustainability.
  • Bioeconomy can learn important lessons on social inclusion from previous research on redistribution, recognition, and representation concerns in forest-based climate initiatives.
  • Initiatives should recognize Indigenous Peoples and local communities as right-holders in their design and implementation.
  • They should ensure that enabling conditions are in place for women, youth and Indigenous Peoples and local communities to participate effectively throughout an initiative’s lifetime.
  • Initiatives should also provide mechanisms to promote a just and fair distribution of costs and benefits between stakeholders.


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