CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

How can REDD+ do better for community rights? An examination of Peru’s interpretation of Indigenous rights in the Cancun safeguards

Export citation

Key Messages

  1. The Cancun safeguards are one of the main mechanisms to prevent potentially harmful impacts from REDD+ and to promote additional social and environmental benefits; however, safeguards lack specific implementation guidelines, rely on self-reporting, and are interpreted by countries according to their laws and policy priorities.
  2. Two of the Cancun safeguards directly relate to Indigenous Peoples (IPs) and local communities (LCs): (c) respecting their knowledge and rights, and (d) obtaining their effective participation in REDD+ design and implementation.
  3. Peru, a REDD+ “early mover”, has one of the largest relative Indigenous populations globally; a review of its national interpretation of the Cancun safeguards and legal frameworks for Indigenous rights provides lessons on how REDD+ may support the recognition and respect of community rights more widely.
  4. Although Peru’s legal frameworks are supportive of Indigenous rights, doing better will require further work on tenure rights for communal land and resources.
  5. REDD+ is an opportunity to expand respect for community rights in Peru; to do so, regulations must be issued to address community carbon rights, equitable distribution of REDD+ benefits, and a transparent monitoring system for safeguards.


Altmetric score:
Dimensions Citation Count:

Related publications