CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

On-farm research: the challenges of agroforestry

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A review of recent experience in on-farm agroforestry research demonstrates that on-farm investigations may be usefully undertaken at any stage of research. Objectives may be to study existing agroforestry systems to learn from farmers' knowledge to access representative site conditions or to elicit farmer evaluation of new technology. The weak scientific knowledge base about socioeconomic and technical aspects of agroforestry the complexity of agroforestry systems and the value of local farmers' experience make on-farm research unusually important in agroforestry. In-depth diagnostic and descriptive research is required prior to the design of long-term experimental programmes. A strong parallel programme of technology-testing with farmers is needed to complement selective strategic research on component response and interactions in researcher-controlled plots. This approach requires active institutional collaboration strengthening of research capacity for technology-testing in extension programmes and expanded training for researchers in on-farm research methods.

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    Scherr, S.J.


    Agroforestry, Genetic variability, On-farm research

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