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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Jungle rubber provides important forest function of biodiversity conservation

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The main 'service' that differentiates rubber agroforests as in Jambi Indonesia from other 'tree crop' production systems is the diversity of plants and animals. With rubber trees ( Hevea brasiliensis ) typically below 50% of the total tree basal area the diversity of forest trees epiphytes birds insects and mammals is around 50-70% of that in natural forests. In the landscape where natur al forests are fast disappearing species such as the endangered Sumatran tiger and Rafflesia arnoldii the world’s biggest flower use jungle rubber for movement and dispersal. In many places in Sumatra jungle rubber connects national parks and protected areas hence functioning as important corridors that allow movement of wild animals and dispersal of plant species. These agroforests are also a primary source of daily income for million s of rubber farmers. Jungle rubber provides one of the best examples of an 'integrate' approach to ecological agriculture combining conservation and income generating opportunities.

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