CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

The non-project rubber smallholder sector in Indonesia: rubber agroforestry systems (RAS) as a challenge for the improvement of rubber productivity, rubber based systems sustainability, biodiversity and environment

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    Publication year



    Penot, E.


    Agroforestry, Farmers, Farming systems, On-farm research, Rubber crops, Small farms

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