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CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Reaching global like-minded

The development of Forest reference Emission Level (FREL) is obligatory for the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). As Indonesia ranks among the world’s top holders of high-carbon reservoirs in wetland ecosystems, including peatlands and mangroves, there are a number of under-represented sources and sinks that need to be included for the improvement of existing FREL and national MRV systems. Emissions from peatland fires, which accounted for 27% of national emissions in 2014, emissions of non-CO2 from drained peatlands, and oxidation of excavated mangrove soil are among components to be factored in.

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