{{menu_nowledge_desc}}.

CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

L’ONU reconnaît Regreening Africa comme le projet phare mondial pour la restauration

L’initiative Regreening Africa est saluée comme l’un des “exemples les plus réussis au monde de guérison de la planète”. Photo : Kelvin Trautman/Regreening Africa
  • La Décennie des Nations Unies pour la restauration des écosystèmes a désigné sept initiatives du monde entier en tant que Projets phares mondiaux de restauration de l’ONU.
  • L’initiative Regreening Africa, qui a restauré 350 000 hectares à travers huit pays d’Afrique subsaharienne entre 2017 et 2023, a été désignée comme l’un de ces projets phares.
  • L’initiative vise à restaurer cinq millions d’hectares d’ici 2030 grâce à des investissements supplémentaires, en utilisant une approche agroforestière centrée sur la communauté et basée sur la recherche, ainsi qu’une gestion durable des terres. Après avoir été reconnue comme un projet phare, elle est désormais éligible à un soutien technique et financier de l’ONU, tout en cherchant d’autres investissements pour cette quête ambitieuse.

NAIROBI, 14 février 2024 – Les écosystèmes sujet à la dégradation totale ont été renforcés par la désignation hier de sept initiatives du monde entier en tant que Projets phares mondiaux de restauration de l’ONU, dans le cadre de la Décennie des Nations Unies pour la restauration des écosystèmes, qu’ils qualifient de “plus grands exemples de succès dans la guérison de la planète”.

Regreening Africa, un partenariat dirigé par le Centre de recherche forestière internationale et le Centre International de Recherche en Agroforesterie (CIFOR-ICRAF) et comprenant CARE Nederland, Catholic Relief Services, Oxfam, Sahel Eco et World Vision Australie, avec un investissement de l’Union européenne dans sa première phase, a été l’une des initiatives désignées comme un projet phare.

L’initiative, mise en œuvre entre 2017 et 2023, a impliqué plus de 600 000 ménages et a permis de restaurer plus de 350 000 hectares en Éthiopie, au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, au Niger, au Rwanda, au Sénégal et en Somalie. Son approche reposait sur des techniques agroforestières éprouvées adaptées aux besoins des agriculteurs dans divers contextes socio-écologiques.

Plusieurs pratiques de restauration, telles que la plantation et le greffage d’arbres, ainsi que la régénération naturelle assistée par les agriculteurs (RNA), ont été combinées avec la conservation des sols et de l’eau, ainsi que des interventions en matière de politique et de chaîne de valeur.

Cette diversité d’options garantissait que la restauration était adaptée aux conditions et aux besoins locaux, plutôt que de suivre une approche unique. D’ici 2030, Regreening Africa vise à restaurer cinq millions d’hectares en collaboration avec les communautés locales à travers l’Afrique subsaharienne.

“C’est un honneur pour Regreening Africa d’être reconnu comme un projet phare aux côtés de programmes de restauration d’écosystèmes aussi estimés et impactants du monde entier”, a déclaré Éliane Ubalijoro, Présidente directrice générale de CIFOR-ICRAF. “La restauration est absolument fondamentale pour faire face aux crises interconnectées auxquelles nous sommes actuellement confrontés en tant que communauté mondiale. Célébrer les réalisations à ce jour et soutenir les initiatives pour étendre ce qui fonctionne est essentiel pour permettre le type d’action nécessaire pour avoir un impact significatif.”

La reconnaissance fait partie de la Décennie des Nations Unies pour la restauration des écosystèmes et permet aux initiatives sélectionnées d’accéder à un soutien technique et financier de l’ONU. “Pendant trop longtemps, le développement économique s’est fait au détriment de l’environnement. Pourtant, aujourd’hui, nous voyons des efforts mondiaux pour favoriser le retour de la nature”, a déclaré Inger Andersen, directrice exécutive du PNUE, dans un communiqué de presse le 13 février.

“Ces initiatives montrent comment nous pouvons réconcilier le développement économique avec la nature, placer les communautés locales au cœur des efforts de restauration et créer tout de même de nouveaux emplois. Alors que nous continuons à faire face à une triple crise planétaire du changement climatique, de la perte de nature et de biodiversité, ainsi que de la pollution et des déchets, c’est maintenant le moment où nous devons redoubler d’efforts et accélérer les initiatives de restauration.”

Des informations complémentaires sur les autres projets phares sont disponibles ici.

Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter : Mieke Bourne, Chercheure au CIFOR-ICRAF et Ex- responsable du programme Regreening Africa : m.bourne@cifor-icraf.org

 

Regreening Africa nombrada iniciativa emblemática de la restauración mundial

Foto: Kelvin Trautman/Regreening Africa
  • El Decenio de las Naciones Unidas sobre la Restauración de los Ecosistemas ha otorgado a siete iniciativas de todo el mundo el reconocimiento de Iniciativas Emblemáticas de Restauración Mundial de las Naciones Unidas
  • Una de ellas es la iniciativa “Regreening Africa (Reverdeciendo África), creada con el fin de restaurar 350 000 hectáreas en ocho países del África subsahariana entre 2017 y 2023.
  • La iniciativa planea restaurar cinco millones de hectáreas para 2030 con inversiones adicionales, utilizando un enfoque agroforestal y de gestión sostenible de la tierra centrado en la comunidad y basado en la investigación. Tras su reconocimiento como iniciativa emblemática, ahora podrá optar al apoyo técnico y financiero de las Naciones Unidas, así como buscar otras inversiones en esta ambiciosa búsqueda.

NAIROBI, 14 de febrero de 2024 – El Decenio de las Naciones Unidas sobre la Restauración de los Ecosistemas ha dado un nuevo paso a favor de los ecosistemas que se encuentran al borde de la degradación al designar ayer siete iniciativas de todo el mundo como Iniciativas Emblemáticas de Restauración Mundial de las Naciones Unidas, a las que denomina “los ejemplos más exitosos del mundo para sanar el planeta”.

Regreening Africa, una asociación dirigida por el Centro para la Investigación Forestal Internacional y Centro Internacional de Investigación Agroforestal (CIFOR-ICRAF) e integrada por CARE Nederland, Catholic Relief Services, Oxfam, Sahel Eco y World Vision Australia, con financiamiento de la Unión Europea en su primera fase, fue una de las iniciativas nombradas insignia.

La iniciativa operó entre 2017 y 2023, involucrando a más de 600 000 hogares y logrando restaurar más de 350 000 hectáreas en Etiopía, Ghana, Kenia, Mali, Níger, Ruanda, Senegal y Somalia. Su enfoque se basó en técnicas agroforestales probadas que se adaptaron a las necesidades de los agricultores en distintos contextos socioecológicos.

Se combinaron múltiples prácticas de restauración, como el cultivo de árboles mediante plantación e injerto y la regeneración natural gestionada por los agricultores, con la conservación del suelo y el agua, y con intervenciones políticas y en la cadena de valor. Este abanico de opciones garantizó que la restauración se adaptara a las condiciones y necesidades locales, en lugar de adoptar “un modelo único para todos”. De cara al futuro, el objetivo de Regreening Africa es restaurar cinco millones de hectáreas de aquí a 2030, en colaboración con las comunidades locales de toda el África subsahariana.

“Es un honor para Regreening Africa ser reconocido como una iniciativa insignia junto a programas de restauración de ecosistemas tan prestigiosos e impactantes de todo el mundo”, declaró Éliane Ubalijoro, CEO de CIFOR-ICRAF.

“La restauración es absolutamente fundamental para abordar las crisis interrelacionadas a las que nos enfrentamos actualmente como comunidad mundial. Celebrar los logros alcanzados hasta la fecha y apoyar las iniciativas para seguir ampliando lo que funciona es clave para permitir el tipo de acción que se necesita para lograr un impacto significativo”.

El galardón forma parte del Decenio de las Naciones Unidas sobre la Restauración de los Ecosistemas y permite a las iniciativas seleccionadas acceder al apoyo técnico y financiero de las Naciones Unidas. “Durante demasiado tiempo, el desarrollo económico se produjo a expensas del medio ambiente. Sin embargo, hoy vemos esfuerzos globales para marcar el comienzo de una recuperación de la naturaleza”, declaró Inger Andersen, directora ejecutiva del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA), en un comunicado de prensa el 13 de febrero.

“Estas iniciativas muestran cómo podemos hacer las paces con la naturaleza, situar a las comunidades locales en el centro de los esfuerzos de restauración y seguir creando nuevos puestos de trabajo. Mientras seguimos enfrentándonos a una triple crisis planetaria de cambio climático, pérdida de naturaleza y biodiversidad, y contaminación y residuos, ahora es el momento de redoblar los esfuerzos y acelerar las iniciativas de restauración”.

Conozca las demás iniciativas insignias aquí.

Para más información, póngase en contacto con
Mieke Bourne, científica de CIFOR-ICRAF y exdirectora del programa Regreening Africa: m.bourne@cifor-icraf.org.

Indonesia: Collaboration supercharges restoration research

Tracking restoration progress in an Indonesian wetland. Photo by Aji Supeno/CIFOR-ICRAF

Partnership set to enhance research on degraded forest landscapes

By Robert Finlayson

Forest rehabilitation and peatland restoration are cornerstones of the Indonesian government’s strategy to achieve its climate mitigation goals, which include making the country’s forests and other land uses a net sink of carbon by 2030, as part of its Nationally Determined Contribution to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

To support this strategy, the Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF) is leading a collaborative research project, ‘Sustainable Community-based Reforestation and Enterprises 2021–2030 (SCORE)‘, which seeks to help facilitate the achievement of both climate and livelihood goals by building better understanding of how to enact effective and appropriate forest landscape restoration.

“SCORE aims to enable long-term mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, specifically through better understanding of locally-appropriate, climate-smart agroforestry,” said Himlal Baral, a senior restoration scientist with CIFOR-ICRAF’s Climate, Energy and Low Carbon team.

Since initiating the project in 2021, CIFOR-ICRAF and its founding partners realised that “a number of institutions were also working on related research – often in specialized topics relevant to, but not covered by, SCORE,” said Baral. “We saw this as an opportunity to share knowledge, support each other’s efforts, and increase impact by forming a national partnership.”

To that end, SCORE held a hybrid workshop on 14 December 2023 at the CIFOR-ICRAF campus in Bogor, Indonesia to inaugurate a partnership of research bodies dedicated to forest landscape restoration. Together, they are researching approaches for restoring degraded peat and mineral land while producing food, material, and bioenergy to enhance communities’ livelihoods.

At the workshop, partners presented research on a wide range of topics, from the multiple benefits of traditional medicinal plants, to cultivating oil-producing trees for biofuel, and the potential of climate-smart agrosilvofishery, which is the integration of trees, seasonal crops and fishery on the same plot of land.

The workshop participants also had the opportunity to collaborate on discussing potential proposals to the Developing Research Capacity of Universities in Southeast Asia on Forest Landscape Governance (Explore) program run by The Center for People and Forests (RECOFTC) with funding from the Government of Sweden.

“’Explore’ aims to support governments in using high-quality research to improve policies and institutional frameworks for inclusive and sustainable development of forest landscapes in Southeast Asia that contributes to climate and development goals,” said Yustina Artati, a senior research officer with CIFOR-ICRAF’s Climate, Energy and Low Emissions team and the CIFOR-ICRAF representative for Explore. “The other ambition of Explore is to improve researchers’ capacity through grants to fund research.”

Participants also explored opportunities and modalities for strengthening collaboration on current projects in South Sumatra, Central Kalimantan, Java, East Kalimantan, Bali and beyond. They discussed best practices (what worked well, what didn’t work, and areas of improvement); research partnerships; dissemination of findings to government and/or practitioners; challenges and opportunities in increasing the scale of successful demonstration models; and collaborative and coordinated actions, including the joint development of funding proposals.

“We expect that the partnership will contribute important findings toward achieving national goals for restoration of degraded land and the mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change,” said Baral. “We are actively seeking other partners, donors and investors to contribute to the research and to increase the scale of successful demonstration sites. This will also support improvement of communities’ livelihoods through diversifying production while at the same time enhancing biodiversity.”

For more information, please contact Himlal Baral: h.baral@cifor-icraf.org.

Acknowledgements

Partners that presented at the workshop include the Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF), South Korea’s National Institute of Forest Science (NIFoS), Indonesia’s National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Sriwijaya University, Udayana University, the University of Palangka Raya, and the University of Mulawarman.

UN recognizes Regreening Africa as World Restoration Flagship

The Regreening Africa initiative is lauded as one of the “world’s most successful examples of healing the planet”. Photo: Kelvin Trautman/Regreening Africa
  • The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration named seven initiatives from across the globe as UN World Restoration Flagships. 
  • The Regreening Africa initiative, which put 350,000 hectares under restoration in eight sub-Saharan African countries between 2017 and 2023, was named as one such flagship.
  • The initiative plans to restore five million hectares by 2030 with additional investment, using a community-centred and research-based agroforestry and sustainable land management approach. Following its recognition as a flagship, it will now be eligible for technical and financial UN support as well as seeking other investments in this ambitious quest.

NAIROBI, 14 February 2024 – Ecosystems at the tipping point of outright degradation have been given a boost with the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration)’s designation yesterday of seven initiatives from across the globe as UN World Restoration Flagships, which they dub the “world’s most successful examples of healing the planet.”

Regreening Africa, a partnership led by the Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF) and including CARE Nederland, Catholic Relief Services, Oxfam, Sahel Eco, and World Vision Australia, with investment from the European Union in its first phase was one of the initiatives named as a flagship.

The initiative operated between 2017 and 2023 to engage with more than 600,000 households and brung over 350,000 hectares under restoration in Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, and Somalia. Its approach was based on proven agroforestry techniques that were adapted to suit the needs of farmers under varying socio-ecological contexts.

Multiple restoration practices, such as tree-growing through planting and grafting and farmer-managed natural regeneration (FMNR), were combined with soil and water conservation, and policy and value chain interventions. This range of options ensured that the restoration suited local conditions and needs, rather than taking a ‘one size fits all’ approach. Looking forward, Regreening Africa aims to bring five million hectares under restoration by 2030, in collaboration with local communities across Sub-Saharan Africa.

“It is an honour for Regreening Africa to be recognized as a flagship alongside such highly-regarded and impactful ecosystem restoration programmes from around the globe,” said Éliane Ubalijoro, chief executive officer of CIFOR-ICRAF.

“Restoration is absolutely foundational to addressing the interlinked crises we currently confront as a global community. Celebrating achievements to date, and supporting initiatives to further scale what works, is key to enabling the kind of action that’s needed to make meaningful impact.”

The accolade forms part of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration and allows the selected initiatives to access technical and financial UN support. “For too long, economic development came at the expense of the environment. Yet today we see global efforts to usher in a comeback for nature,” Inger Andersen, Executive Director of UNEP, said in a press release on 13th February.

“These initiatives show how we can make peace with nature, put local communities at the heart of restoration efforts and still create new jobs. As we continue to face a triple planetary crisis of climate change, nature and biodiversity loss, and pollution and waste, now is the time we must double down and accelerate restoration initiatives.”

Learn about the other flagships here.

For more information, please contact:

Mieke Bourne, CIFOR-ICRAF scientist and former Regreening Africa Programme Manager: m.bourne@cifor-icraf.org

 

Tree-planting projects must consider seed and seedling sourcing

Well-intentioned efforts, like Kenya’s initiative to plant 15 billion trees, may amount to little without careful seed and seedling sourcing. Photo by Cathy Watson/CIFOR-ICRAF

Study highlights need to clarify planting material provenance in funding proposals

By Cathy Watson

To ensure high-quality tree planting, institutions applying for funding to grow trees should explain how they intend to source their tree seed and seedlings, while donors should require planters to have a plan for obtaining such genetic resources.

This recommendation arose from a survey led by the Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF) and analyzed in an article published in the international journal Environmental Conservation in December 2023.

The survey was completed by 14 funders of restoration, agroforestry, and wider tree-planting projects; 69 researchers that work on trees and tree planting; and 90 planters that organize tree planting and include non-governmental organizations (NGOs), individuals, and businesses.

“We found that the majority of funders are willing to include the requirement that applicants for financial support to carry out tree planting need to explain how they will source tree seed and seedlings,” says CIFOR-ICRAF scientist Sammy Carsan, one of the study’s lead authors.

Sammy Carsan says requiring an “adequate explanation” of how tree seed and seedlings will be sourced can markedly improve forest landscape restoration. Photo by Cathy Watson/CIFOR-ICRAF

The team of 10 authors, who have a particular interest in tools that “allow growers to do tree planting better”, focused on project design because “the planning stage offers a great moment for reflection about the tree seeds and seedlings needed, something that the applicant may not be thinking enough about,” Carsan says.

Asking applicants to dwell on how they will undertake tree seed and seedling sourcing can nudge individuals, businesses, projects, and NGOs to be more intentional about what trees they plant, says the Kenyan agroforestry and seed and seedling expert.

The study also found that funders themselves would like training so they can develop their own in-house capacity to evaluate fund applicants’ descriptions of seed and seedling sourcing.

“It’s not just those applying for funds who need help,” says Ramni Jamnadass, CIFOR-ICRAF’s longstanding thought leader on the genetic quality of tree seeds and seedlings, who was one of the study’s authors. “It is also the donors. Everyone needs support to understand the value of carefully collecting and using tree seeds – and certainly not sourcing all seeds, and the seedlings derived from them, from one or two mother trees.”

Clockwise: More focus on tree seed; training in seed collection, handling and storage; and recapacitating national tree seed centres are part of the way forward, as seen here in the Philippines, Zambia, Uganda, and Ethiopia. Photos by Cathy Watson/CIFOR-ICRAF

“Lack of attention to the quality of tree seed has many negative livelihood and environmental consequences,” says Ian Dawson, one of the paper’s authors and a tree genetics expert.

Immediate shortcomings include low germination, uneven or complete loss of nursery stock, loss of genetic diversity, and low survival in the field, according to Dawson. In the longer term, productivity is lower, and ecosystem services are diminished, including lower-than-expected carbon sequestration. These findings have been well documented by CGIAR-wide studies and other reviews, he says.

Researchers have long known that the quality of tree seed matters. From the 1970s through the 1990s, Western donors worked with forest authorities in more than 30 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America to set up national tree seed centres.

“Sadly, many fell into disrepair when investors at the time did not continue to recognize the importance of high-quality seed and seedlings, and because some of the supply models used by the centres were reaching only some tree planters,” says forester Lars Graudal, a leading authority on the use and conservation of tree genetic resources and also a study author.

Clockwise: A Kenyan Government nursery; a nursery and a nursery operator supplying seedlings for cocoa landscape restoration in Cote d’Ivoire, where severe deforestation makes mother trees scarce; and a Sheikh leading a nursery in Niger, providing employment to youth. Photos by Cathy Watson and Sammy Carsan/CIFOR-ICRAF

However, the need to recognize the importance of high-quality tree seed became more urgent when countries embarked on the Bonn Challenge in 2011, the current target of which is to bring 350 million hectares of land into restoration by 2030 globally.

“Much of this restoration effort requires tree planting, yet accessing high-quality tree seed and seedlings has been neglected as an issue,” Graudal says. “Now this is changing, and we also understand better how to go about providing tree seed and seedlings to growers. Our survey reinforces the importance of this and shows how we might introduce tree seed and seedling sourcing as an important issue within the funding cycle, so the situation becomes more explicit and improves.”

The study aimed to explore whether adoption of measures that require ‘fund applicants’ to explain how they will source tree seed and seedlings would be acceptable to the broad tree-planting community. Fund applicants were defined as potential planters seeking financial support from public and private investors – such as governments, businesses, international initiatives, and foundations – to carry out tree planting.

Other findings from the survey:

  • Funders ranked ‘training in tree seed sourcing quality standards’ highest among options to help them evaluate applications for planting funding.
  • Funders and researchers together ranked ‘expected performance’ after planting as the most important information that fund applicants should provide to assess their seed and seedling sourcing, followed by information on the ‘origin’ (e.g., provenance or variety) of the seed and seedlings.
  • All respondent categories said ‘practical guidelines’ on collecting, producing, and procuring tree seed were the best way to help tree planters develop a seed sourcing strategy.
  • More messaging is needed so that the relationship between tree seed and seedling quality and tree performance – in terms of survival rates, livelihood benefits, and returns on investment – is better understood.

“Overwhelmingly, all respondent groups supported asking tree planters to explain how they will source tree seed and seedlings to promote better sourcing practice,” Carsan says. “We believe there are opportunities in proposal templates. Our next step is to consult funders and coordinators of major tree-planting initiatives to see how proposal templates could be changed to place more emphasis on sourcing.”

Acknowledgements

CIFOR-ICRAF is grateful to CGIAR funding partners, Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative, the European Commission, and the Green Climate Fund (GCF) for their support of this research and to GCF in Rwanda and Burkina Faso; International Climate Initiative Germany in Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, and Burkina Faso; Bezos Earth Fund in Rwanda and Kenya; and Global Affairs Canada in Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast for their country support.

Cameroun : Septentrion Vert et Résilient – CaSeVe

Photo by Laurianne Mefan/CIFOR-ICRAF

Lancement du programme

Dans le but d’accroître la résilience des trois régions septentrionales du Cameroun, face à la pression démographique et aux crises alimentaires exacerbées par l’insécurité et le changement climatique, le programme CaSeVe a été lancé le Mercredi 29 Novembre au cours d’une cérémonie officielle de lancement qui s’est tenue à l’hôtel le Ribadou à Garoua dans la région du Nord du pays.

Cette initiative quinquennale (2023-2028), financée par l’Union européenne, couvre trois paysages clés : La vallée du Logone dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord, les paysages Bénoué Ouest et Est, qui se trouvent principalement dans la région du Nord avec des extensions dans la région de l’Adamawa.

L’initiative sera menée par divers consortiums d’institutions et d’organisations internationales de recherche et sera divisée en trois composantes, chacune ayant des objectifs bien définis.

Le Centre pour la recherche forestière internationale et Centre International de Recherche en Agroforesterie (CIFOR-ICRAF), l’Observatoire des forêts d’Afrique centrale (OFAC) et Care International se chargeront de la première composante, intitulée “Cameroun Septentrion Vert – Gouvernance Territoriale Intégrée (CaSeVe – GTI)”, qui vise à consolider la gouvernance décentralisée et à coordonner les nombreuses initiatives des membres de l’initiative Team Europe (TEI).

L’Agence Française de Développement (AFD), le Programme de Consolidation et de Pérennisation du Conseil Agropastoral (PCP-ACEFA), le Programme d’Appui à la rénovation et au développement de la formation professionnelle dans les secteurs de l’agriculture, de l’élevage et de la pêche (PCP-AFOP) et la Société de développement du coton du Cameroun (SODECOTON) assurent la deuxième composante, “Cameroun Septentrion Vert – Adaptation des filières agro-sylvo-pastorales (CaSeVe – C2)”, qui vise à promouvoir une gestion agro-sylvo-pastorale intelligente face au changement climatique et à la raréfaction des terres propices aux activités pastorales.

La dernière composante, “Cameroun Septentrion Vert – Gestion des territoires et des ressources naturelles (CaSeVe – C3)”, implique l’African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), NOE, et Conserve Global. L’objectif de cette composante est d’appuyer les acteurs privés et publics de la conservation dans la protection et la valorisation des zones de chasse et des parcs nationaux lorsqu’ils sont fonctionnels, et d’identifier puis d’appuyer les organisations capables de prendre en charge la gestion des aires protégées actuellement non fonctionnelles ou en grande difficulté.

La cérémonie de lancement officiel s’est déroulée sous le patronage du gouverneur de la région du Nord, en présence des présidents des conseils régionaux des régions concernées, des représentants des services déconcentrés de l’administration publique, des organisations internationales de recherche et de développement, des autorités traditionnelles et communales, et de nombreuses autres parties prenantes au programme.

Le programme devrait produire plusieurs résultats clés, notamment

  1. Les décisions de zonage et de gestion de l’utilisation des terres dans les régions septentrionales sont mieux informées, plus inclusives, plus transparentes et mieux respectées par les différentes catégories d’acteurs.
  2. Les terres dégradées dans les communes soutenues par le projet sont restaurées.
  3. Le patrimoine naturel des régions du Nord est mieux protégé.

“Nous sommes très heureux d’avoir organisé avec les autres organisations cette cérémonie qui marque officiellement le lancement de toutes les activités prévues. Nous sommes très confiants envers le programme CaSeVe et nous ferons de notre mieux pour qu’il produise des résultats concrets”, a déclaré Ann Degrande, coordinatrice nationale du CIFOR-ICRAF pour le Cameroun, lors du lancement.

Pour plus d’informations sur ce programme, veuillez contacter :

Ann Degrande
Coordonnatrice Générale
CaSeVe-GTI
Email: A.Degrande@cifor-icraf.org
Laurianne Gilda Mefan
Chargée de communication
CaSeVe-GTI
Email: M.Gilda@cifor-icraf.org

CIFOR-ICRAF implanta unidades demonstrativas no Brasil

O diálogo com agricultores, capacitação, planejamento e plantio leva cerca de um ano até a vitrine de agrofloresta estar implantada.

As Unidades Demonstrativas (UDs) são uma forma de demonstrar o processo de implantação de agroflorestas. Esse processo envolve diálogo e construção conjunta entre as famílias que se propõem a implantar uma unidade em suas terras e os técnicos do CIFOR-ICRAF Brasil.

A Unidade Demonstrativa tem um conjunto de objetivos. É exemplo de uma situação atingível, demonstra os princípios da agroecologia, pode ser utilizada para capacitação e é uma referência para expansão dos Sistemas Agroflorestais (SAFs).

No estado do Pará, no Brasil, o CIFOR-ICRAF implantou 14 UDs pelo projeto SAF Dendê, o que equivale a 30 hectares. Pelo projeto Acelerador de Agroflorestas e Restauração já são oito Unidades Demonstrativas implantadas na região Nordeste do estado, com perspectiva de aumento desse número. Essas UDs têm, em média, de um a dois hectares.

Processo
Segundo Jimi Amaral, coordenador de Transição Agroecológica do CIFOR-ICRAF Brasil, o processo de implantação de uma Unidade Demonstrativa é contínuo e dura cerca de um ano para completar todas suas etapas.

“A implantação de uma UD envolve tanto a pesquisa como o diálogo com as famílias de agricultores para o co-desenho do arranjo do sistema agroflorestal para o contexto daquela área, o que é baseado nos anseios e objetivos das famílias, assim como o trabalho em campo”, afirma.

Em um primeiro momento são levantados dados secundários e de contexto da área ou região com dados Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) para identificar se há áreas degradadas, aptidões agrícolas da região e usos do solo. A partir disso, são definidos municípios e regiões onde trabalhar. Começa, então, a fase de consulta com instituições e comunidades. Em seguida são identificadas famílias interessadas, suas aspirações e as condições biofísicas da área. Logo se inicia o diálogo para o co-desenho do arranjo com base no conhecimento híbrido entre técnico/a e famílias de agricultores para o espaço pré-determinado, balizando as aspirações das famílias e do CIFOR-ICRAF com base no contexto.

“A definição do arranjo leva em conta as plantas, a densidade dessas plantas, espécies anuais e outras com menor ciclo, e as posições dessas espécies no espaço pré-determinado para a agrofloresta e no tempo. Fazemos uma análise financeira do potencial daquele arranjo e apresentamos às famílias e só aí partimos para a implantação”, explica Jimi Amaral.

Todo o planejamento com as famílias, incluindo a aquisição de insumos e mudas, deve ser anterior à janela de plantio, ou seja, antes do início das chuvas que ocorrem entre novembro e dezembro.

A etapa de implantação também é conjunta, envolvendo o trabalho da família e a assistência técnica do CIFOR-ICRAF. O monitoramento do desempenho da UD é contínuo, com coleta de dados para fazer a análise financeira depois da implantação.

Para identificar famílias interessadas em implantar uma unidade demonstrativa de agrofloresta, o CIFOR-ICRAF Brasil conta com o apoio de instituições locais como secretarias de Agricultura e de Meio Ambiente, associações, cooperativas e sindicatos de trabalhadores rurais.

“O apoio das instituições locais é muito importante tanto para a informação e mobilização dos parceiros e recursos locais, como para identificar o potencial das comunidades”, afirma Jimi Amaral.

Pesquisa
A implantação de unidades demonstrativas é também uma oportunidade para a pesquisa. Como explica Jimi Amaral, os Sistemas Agroflorestais são muito dinâmicos e trabalham com a complexidade da vida, ou seja, com diversas possibilidades de arranjos e manejos.

A agroecologia é a ciência base da pesquisa nas UDs e trabalha com multi-fatores sendo comprometida com a transformação da forma de pensar e fazer agricultura, em que a produção de alimentos é realizada com a intensificação de práticas de manejo ecológico do solo e outros princípios e práticas que visam a melhoria de vida das famílias do ponto de vista social, político, ambiental e econômico.

“Nas Unidades Demonstrativas conseguimos fazer a coleta de dados e contar também com a contribuição das famílias nessa coleta. Um dos elementos de pesquisa é a análise financeira, monitorando e avaliando o desempenho desses sistemas”, explica Amaral.

“Estamos trabalhando também com a análise de juquira (vegetação que nasce em áreas abandonadas que antes eram campos de plantio e pastos) para entender a transição da vegetação que tinha na área para a composição que vai vir com a adoção dos sistemas agroflorestais. A dinâmica do carbono, quanto tinha antes da intervenção e quanto terá depois, também é importante para a pesquisa. Trabalhamos com a pesquisa no desenvolvimento, ou seja, promovemos a ação e pesquisamos os resultados a partir dessa ação”, conclui o coordenador de Transição Agroecológica do CIFOR-ICRAF Brasil.

Call for submissions: Wild meat

Photo by Manuel Lopez/CIFOR-ICRAF

Journal seeks proposals for special feature

As biodiversity loss and food security challenges threaten the ongoing viability of the global wild meat sector – which plays key nutrition, livelihood, cultural, and social functions in many of the world’s rural communities – the journal People and Nature is calling for submissions for a special feature, ‘Achieving sustainable and equitable consumption of wild meat’.

The issue will bring together a wide range of papers to build a contemporary and transdisciplinary picture of wild meat use across different settlements and groups, offer recommendations for effective policy and practice in this complex and critical arena, and draw on lessons learned from around the world.

The editors particularly welcome submissions that are relevant to policy and practice; address people’s interaction with nature; are inter– and transdisciplinary; and are by authors from the Global South. “Invited papers will be those that provide information that can help to move the policy and practice of sustainable, equitable, and safe wild meat governance and management forwards, demonstrating how the needs of both people and nature can be met,” they said.

Proposals must be submitted on or before 15 November 2023.

CIFOR-ICRAF CEO Éliane Ubalijoro opens GLF Nairobi 2023: A New Vision for Earth

CIFOR-ICRAF CEO Éliane Ubalijoro opened the GLF Nairobi 2023 Hybrid Conference: A New Vision for Earth on Wednesday at the CIFOR-ICRAF Nairobi campus. The two-day event, running from 11 – 12 October, brings together global audiences to focus on two key themes: African sovereign solutions and crafting a guide to overcome the effects of climate change, which will set the stage for a fairer world ahead of the 2023 UN Climate Change Conference (COP28).

The full transcript of her speech is below.

Good morning, and welcome to GLF Nairobi: A New Vision for Earth. Karibuni!

Thank you for being here with us today – whether you are on our beautiful CIFOR-ICRAF campus in Kenya – or joining us virtually from across the globe. And a special thank you to representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development in Kenya and all the dignitaries here.

This year marks the 10th anniversary of the Global Landscapes Forum, an initiative born out of CIFOR-ICRAF. It’s dedicated to realizing sustainable and inclusive landscapes. And today, it stands as the world’s largest knowledge-led platform for this broad and important topic.

It has a reach of 2 billion. It links over 10,000 organizations in its network. It engages 185 countries in its events. And it continuously drives transformative change. We are delighted to welcome you to this two-day conference.

I am so inspired as I look around – there are people from all walks of life and from all sectors joining us: youth, journalists, policymakers, women-led organizations, members of government, Indigenous community leaders, farmers, activists, artists, authors, chefs and more.

We have invited 200 speakers from around the world and are ready to hear from them and to hear from you.

Photo by GLF

What are your ideas for a new vision for Earth? How do you envision an equitable, healthy, and livable planet? What solutions are you eager to share? It’s clear we need transformative change.

Earlier this year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released its latest assessment report. It was hailed as “A Survival Guide for Humanity.” And it highlighted the devastating impact of weather and climate extremes.

Extremes which the world’s most affected people and areas face most acutely. Especially in Africa, my home continent.

However, we can go beyond developing a survival guide.

We have existing solutions and the tools to develop new ones that the world truly needs. And if we come together, we can go beyond surviving – to thriving.

We are living in a digital age, characterized by interconnectedness and interdependence. It’s time to take the best of this era – employing tools like artificial intelligence and cutting-edge research to address global challenges in an inclusive and responsible way.

It’s time to ensure that knowledge and wisdom from around the world are shared with those who need it most. And it is time to harness our collective intelligence for the greater good.

 

Photo by Joyce Wambui/CIFOR-ICRAF

We are already equipped with solutions; our challenge is to better harness them. And so we need a new vision to guide us.

Over the next two days, this conference will address two key topics. Today, our focus is on Africa and the utilization of sovereign solutions for the continent. The sovereign solutions of local communities play a crucial role in addressing climate change and building resilient food systems.

Imagine the impact of these solutions with enhanced support from our collective intelligence and interconnectedness. Youth, women, and Indigenous Peoples are champions of landscape restoration and management, often operating with limited resources and against all odds.

What could they achieve with better access to resources to strengthen their stewardship of nature in a changing climate? How could rural communities benefit from improved access and partnerships in green jobs through restoration enterprises? How can we promote more nature-based solutions to support local efforts in addressing humanitarian challenges? How can we unite against the unsustainable use of natural resources and bring together diverse stakeholders for inclusive decision-making, that supports locally-led climate action, landscape restoration, and food system transformation?

By the end of today, I hope we can better answer these questions.

And tomorrow, we will shift our focus to the planet as a whole. We’ll explore strategies for stabilizing the climate. We’ll think critically about how we can solve this challenge together. And we’ll compile the solutions we already have available in the lead-up to COP28.

I invite you to view this conference as a celebration – a celebration of what is possible and a celebration of the solutions we already possess. While we face significant challenges, our potential to overcome them is immense.

However, charting a new vision for Earth is not a task that any one organization or individual can achieve alone. It’s together – with the collective knowledge, expertise, and wisdom of everyone here – that we can make a difference.

As the CEO of CIFOR-ICRAF, I have the privilege of interacting with dedicated scientists daily. I see firsthand the planet-saving work in our state-of-the-art soil lab, geospatial lab, tree ring lab, gene bank, and more. Our work, in collaboration with our partners, provides tangible solutions to some of the most pressing challenges of our time.

So when we think about a new vision, and what that could entail, I want you to think about the solutions we already have. And I want you to think about how we can better share them and implement them worldwide.

This global event is the ideal forum to discuss solutions ahead of COP28. All key stakeholders are here – scientists, policymakers, Indigenous Peoples, practitioners, youth, financiers, activists, artists…

And we need everyone for a new vision for Earth. A vision that takes us beyond surviving – a vision that charts the way forward to thrive.

Thank you so much for joining us and I wish you a wonderful conference!

Asante sana.

 

To join GLF Nairobi: A New Vision for Earth, please register here. The conference runs from 11 – 12 October both online and in person in Nairobi, Kenya. 

In memoriam: M.S. Swaminathan (1925-2023)

CIFOR-ICRAF honours M.S. Swaminathan for his role in the establishment of ICRAF and his unique contributions to agricultural science and food security. Swaminathan died in Chennai, India, on 28 September 2023 at the age of 98.

By David Henry

M.S. Swaminathan is considered one of the fathers of modern-day food security and a creator of institutions dedicated to biodiversity conservation, including ICRAF.

In 1977, the Indian-born plant geneticist was among a few key advisers who endorsed a proposal to set up a research body promoting the “trees on farms” concept, resulting in the founding of the International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF). 

Swaminathan became its second chairman – while he was still secretary to the government of India in the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation – and held this post at ICRAF from 1979 to 1982. During this period, the organization moved from the Royal Tropical Institute in the Netherlands to its permanent home in Nairobi, Kenya.

“I am probably one of the few here who has seen the birth and growth of ICRAF,” Swaminathan said in an address at the World Congress on Agroforestry in New Delhi in 2014. “ICRAF was an institutional mechanism for providing an opportunity for research, development, extension, training and education in the field of agroforestry.” 

The original document that prompted the establishment of ICRAF was “Trees, Food and People: Land Management in the Tropics” by J.G. Bene, H.W. Beall and A. Côté in 1977, with the support of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).

In the same year, Swaminathan attended a small meeting convened by David Hopper, then president of IDRC, where it was decided to support the recommendation of Bene and his colleagues to set up a council for research into agroforestry.

“I am glad that ICRAF has grown and has also become a member of the larger family of CGIAR,” Swaminathan said in the 2014 address. “Agroforestry is a pathway to food and nutrition security, livelihood security, ecological security, and climate risk mitigation and adaptation.”

In 2002, ICRAF acquired the brand name “World Agroforestry” to reflect its global leadership in agroforestry research and development. ICRAF merged with the Center for International Forestry Research to form CIFOR-ICRAF in 2019.

“We are so grateful for the far-reaching contributions that M.S. Swaminathan made during his long and distinguished career,” says Éliane Ubalijoro, chief executive officer of CIFOR-ICRAF. “His passion to build a more equitable world laid the foundations for the unique culture of CIFOR-ICRAF and helped make the organization what it is today.”

Green versus evergreen

Swaminathan is remembered as a leading figure in Asia’s Green Revolution of the 1960s when he collaborated with U.S. agricultural scientist Norman Borlaug to develop new varieties of wheat with high-yielding characteristics. The rapid transformation of India’s food system saved millions of people from famine and paved the way for the country’s future status as one of the world’s largest producers of wheat, rice and other crops.

However, the Green Revolution came at a heavy cost to the environment. In the 1990s, Swaminathan therefore called for an “Evergreen Revolution” to avoid chemical use, groundwater pollution, soil erosion and the loss of biodiversity.

“About 15 years ago, I stressed the need for developing a technology and public policy for an evergreen revolution designed to improve the productivity of crops in perpetuity without associated ecological harm,” he said in 2010.

The Evergreen Revolution is based on an appropriate blend of different approaches to sustainable agriculture, such as organic farming, green agriculture, eco-agriculture, and agriculture based on effective micro-organisms, Swaminathan said.

Institution builder

Swaminathan, who held a doctorate in genetics from Cambridge University, was also instrumental in establishing institutions tasked with conserving crop genetic diversity, including the International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (now the Alliance of Biodiversity International and CIAT). 

In addition, he headed the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) during the 1980s.

“I had a ringside seat to learn from the most inspiring man I’ve ever known,” says Dennis Garrity, a distinguished senior research fellow and former director general of ICRAF, who was the first scientist hired under Swaminathan’s leadership at IRRI. “His book on the Evergreen Revolution was the source of the concept of evergreen agriculture. And so much more.”

Swaminathan, who won the World Food Prize in 1987, was also the first chairperson of the High-Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE) of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS), the United Nations body for assessing the science related to world food security and nutrition, and whose work involved several  CIFOR and ICRAF scientists in landmark global reports. 

“He had a unique capacity to handle difficult and controversial issues in a truly inclusive way,” says Vincent Gitz, CIFOR-ICRAF director of programme and platforms who coordinated HLPE from 2011 to 2015. “In his words, the role of science was not to solve all contended issues, but to make people understand why they eventually disagree, and therefore to help dialogue and progress on more solid and shared grounds.”