CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

Public-private partnerships for improved reforestation outcomes in the Philippines

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In 2011, the Philippines implemented the National Greening Program (NGP), which aims to reforest all degraded areas in the Philippines, approximately 7.1 million hectares, by 2028. The NGP includes a harmonization strategy to coordinate with the wide range of stakeholders involved in reforestation, which may help to overcome some challenges experienced by earlier programs. This case report discusses the experience of one people’s organization inside a protected area to assess various impacts of the public-private partnership with a geothermal company, and outlines how the harmonization strategy may help achieve the national target not only in terms of area contributions, but also by improving the outcomes of community-based efforts.

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    Cagalanan D




    forestry, reforestation



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