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National and subnational forest conservation policies: What works, what doesn’t

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Key messages

  • National and subnational policies contribute to forest conservation, but their effectiveness is low on average, especially in the tropics.
  • No particular policy instrument stands out as a ‘silver bullet’. Achieving the multiple objectives of REDD+ will require policy mixes that are sensitive to local contexts.
  • More rigorous evidence on the effectiveness of forest conservation policies is needed, especially from Africa.


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