CIFOR–ICRAF publishes over 750 publications every year on agroforestry, forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy and much more – in multiple languages.

CIFOR–ICRAF addresses local challenges and opportunities while providing solutions to global problems for forests, landscapes, people and the planet.

We deliver actionable evidence and solutions to transform how land is used and how food is produced: conserving and restoring ecosystems, responding to the global climate, malnutrition, biodiversity and desertification crises. In short, improving people’s lives.

National and subnational forest conservation policies

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Key messages

  • National and subnational policies contribute to forest conservation, but their effectiveness is low on average, especially in the tropics.
  • No particular policy instrument stands out as a ‘silver bullet’. Achieving the multiple objectives of REDD+ will require policy mixes that are sensitive to local contexts.
  • More rigorous evidence on the effectiveness of forest conservation policies is needed, especially from Africa.


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